Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Ezhuchur Sri Nallinakkeeswarar

Ezhuchur is a small, beautiful village located about 57 kms south west of Chennai, on the road connecting Tambaram and Kanchipuram. While going from Tambaram, after Padappai, there is a junction called Orakadam Cross Road (Koot Road). There is a Mahameru Dhyana Nilayam about 3 kms from Orakadam Cross Road. One has to take left on the narrow road adjacent to Mahameru temple and go further about 3 kms inside to reach this village.

There is a marvelous and ancient temple for Lord Shiva at Ezhuchur. The main deity here is called Sri Nallinakkeeswarar. Nallinakkeeswarar (நல்லிணக்கீஸ்வரர்) means ‘God of harmony’. Goddess here is Sri Deivanaayagi. The temple is about 1100 years old, dating back to the Chozha period.

This temple is said to have undergone its last Kumbhabhishekam (consecration) during 1948 after which it got dilapidated. Many trees, plants and bushes were covering the temple for so many years. The native villagers have then taken initiative to completely rebuild the temple again, as it was. It is said that they got a divine instruction that the temple must be completely a stone structure and with much difficulty they are constructing a stone temple itself, starting from year 2000. Now the temple is nearing the finish with about 60% of the work completed.

Some stone inscriptions were found in the temple on couple of stone slabs, which revealed the age and history of this temple. According to a study done by Archeological Survey of India, the temple dates back to 920 A.D. Inscriptions reveal the details of this temple during the 13th year of reign of a Chozha King ‘Koppara Kesari Panmar’ (கோப்பர கேசரி பன்மார்) identified as Paranthaka Chozha 1 and this village was then called as ‘Velimaa Nallur’ (வெளிமா நல்லூர்).

During this period, a local administrative head called Nochi Kizhaan Kaliya Perumaan (நொச்சி கிழான் கலிய பெருமான்) belonging to the village Velimaa Nallur of Velimaa Nallur Naadu, a sub division of Ootrukkaattu Kottam handed over gold to the native Naattaar (நாட்டார்) to build the temple (During the said period agriculturists were called Naattaars). Inscriptions also reveal that the Naattaar has to take responsibility to build the temple in this village using the given gold, failing which they have to pay a fine of ‘Manjaadi Pon’ (மண் ஜாடி பொன்- a pot full of gold) to the king.

As per the inscriptions, it was found that, this village was called as Velimaa Nallur which was under Ootrukkaattu Kottam and this village itself had been the head quarter for this region (Naadu).

There is also a copper epigraph which was found in the temple belonging to 1429 AD. According to this copper inscription, there was a Vijayanagara King called ‘Veera Narasimha’. He had admirations to this temple and the village. During his period, a seer called ‘Sri Vyaasaachala Mahadeva Saraswathi Swamigal’ is said to have headed the present Kanchi Mutt as 54th Peetadhipadhi in the lineage.

The copper epigraph says that ‘the king Veera Narasimha seated on a jeweled throne on the banks of the river Thungabadhra, gifted Ezhuchur and Venpaakkam villages to ‘Sri Vyaasaachala Mahadeva Saraswathi Swamigal’.

The seer is said to have worshipped the Lord here and also attained ‘Mukthi’ at this place. The Adhishtaanam (Samadhi) of ‘Sri Vyaasaachala Mahadeva Saraswathi Swamigal’ is also found in the temple at south west of the sanctum. The idol of Sri Chandhramouleeswarar (Lingam) is also found in the temple which was originally found placed on the Adhishtaanam. Now some bricks and lamps are kept there for identification.

The main deity Sri Nallinakkeeswarar is in the form of a grand Shiva Lingam, facing east. Sri Ganapathy is seen at the entrance of the sanctum. A shrine for Ambaal, Sri Deivanaayagi is at the left side of the sanctum, facing south. Opposite Ambaal shrine, a shrine for Sri Shanmugar is being constructed.

Right now, only the main deity is installed in the temple, as the construction work is in progress. The other deities here are kept in the garden near the temple safely. The other deities here are Sri Shanmugar, Sri Dhakshinamurthy, Sri Maha Vishnu, Sri Brahma, Sri Durga and Sri Sandigeswarar.

Navagrahams are present with their respective Vaahanams; a few of them are in damaged condition.

All the deities are so beautiful and temporarily kept aside the temple which looks like a conference going on among Gods.

The most important of all here is the fantastic Nandhi. The Nandhi here is said to be very unique and not found anywhere else. This Nandhi is called as ‘Rajo Guna’ Nandhi. This peculiar Nandhi has beautiful ornaments and clothing, all carved on it. One of the forelegs is folded backwards and other one is in stretched position.

Of the hind legs, one is folded while another leg goes beneath its stomach and this leg is seen jutting out on the other side. Similarly the tail goes underneath the belly and stretches out on its left side.

Nandhi is wearing elaborate ornaments around its neck. It wears garlands made of Rudhraaksha, an Iron chain, Salangai and a garland made of bells. Nandhi also adorns a beautiful Nethi Chutti (an ornament meant for forehead) on its forehead. It has a beautifully carved Vasthram (shawl) covering it and an ‘Ottiyaanam’ (hip ornament) too. Yaazhi is beautifully sculpted just above the legs.

It is sculpted with minutest of details as even the row of teeth of the Nandhi is so accurate. Nandhi is seen curling its tongue out reaching to its nostril on the right side. It is said that such posture is called ‘Pranayama Kolam’ (doing breathing exercise). Also the ears of the Nandhi are sculpted sharply in an unusually erect shape. It is said that the Nandhigeswarar here is in the posture of doing Prayanama and listening to the Gayathri Manthra.

It is said that Sri Jayendhra Saraswathi Swamigal of Kanchi mutt had visited this temple, got so fascinated by this beautiful Nandhi and also was reported to have said that he had not seen such a beautifully sculpted Nandhi anywhere else.

Thus, the Nandhi here gains much of admiration and stands as a masterpiece to the architectural excellence of our ancestors. One will need at least 5 to 10 minutes to go around and admire this Nandhi in detail.

There are 3 Sthala Virukshams for this temple. ‘Pen Panai Maram’ (female Palm tree) is found behind the sanctum at the western side.

‘Vilvam’ is found at the southern side of the temple.

‘Eru Azhinjal tree’ (ஏறு அழிஞ்சல்), also called Angola tree, which is considered most sacred and medicinal is another Sthala Viruksham here and is on the south east side of the sanctum.

The Theertham for this temple is called ‘Kamala Theertham’ (தாமரைக்குளம்), which spreads on a vast area and looks so beautiful. This water from this pond is said to have medicinal properties. There are a few steps to go down to the Theertham here. Hollow carvings are found on both sides of the stone steps, to pour oil and light the lamps during festivals.

Sri Nallinakkeeswarar blesses the devotees for marriage, child birth and harmony within the family.

The people of Ezhuchur have formed a trust called “Namasivaya Arakkattalai” headed by Sri. Krishna Kumar (a native of Ezhuchur) as the Chairman and are engaged in rebuilding the whole temple with the same elegance as it was. The trust also seeks funds for completion of works. The trust shall be contacted at 5/9, 2nd street, Ramakrishna Nagar, Chitlapakkam, Chennai – 600 064. Tel: 91 - 44 - 2223 3857 / 94443 49009.

Most importantly the trust invites people to visit the temple and experience the divinity and heritage here.

13 comments:

  1. Saravana u have got so many professional skills in u. Owner of travels, Photographer, Writer etc.,

    I have a doubt.. i any case u use ur mobile phone to speak with others.. because i feel ur mobile is often used to take pictures rather than speaking.

    What else i can say!!
    Good work..

    Ungal Dasan.
    A R Hariharan

    ReplyDelete
  2. chandra VijayaraghavanSunday, March 01, 2009 3:52:00 PM

    I enjoyed your comments on Thirumalai vaiyavur. I would like to talk more to you after visiting it next week for the first time. Why don't you write about the timings when the temple would be open? Thank you for you r simple, serene, apt descrption. Have you visited the Navagraha temples in Chennai? Can you give detals about themincluding their approach etc. ? Thank you Chandra Vijayaraghavan

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. ஜெய்ஸ்ரீராம்.................ராதேக்ருஷ்ணா
      எழுச்சூர் ஒரு சிறப்பு தரிசனம்,மன நிறைவை தந்தது.இங்குதான் சரவணன் நிற்கின்றார்.தங்கள் பணி சிறந்து விளங்கிட இவ்வெளியேனின் ப்ரார்த்தனையை இறைவனிடமே ஸமர்ப்பனம் செய்கின்றேன்.
      ராதேக்ருஷ்ணா................ஜெய்ஸ்ரீராம்

      Delete
  3. K. Krishnakumar (Ezhuchur)Sunday, April 26, 2009 12:30:00 AM

    Dear Mr.Saravanan,
    Thanking u for your kind information about the temple(Sri Nallinakkeeswarar) photos & messages in your website.

    Once again I thank u about this kindly help.

    ReplyDelete
  4. You are blessed to visit all these temples.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thank you for your message about this temple. We visited the temple yesterday. Construction work is being carried out. Through this column, I request all of you to denote for this temple construction.

    N. Anandhapadmanathan
    West Tambaram
    Chennai-600045

    ReplyDelete
  6. Om Namashivaya.
    Dear Mr.Saravanan

    I along with my wife visited this temple on the 27th Dec. Lot of the work is done. The Adhishtaanam (Samadhi) of ‘Sri Vyaasaachala Mahadeva Saraswathi Swamigal’ (Understand that he was the 54th Acharya) is covered with roof and of course work is going on here and was told by the Gurukkal the Kumbabhishekam is planned for mid June 2012.

    On the steps of the pond there is a carving of Nagam , where in Abhishekam is performed for getting relief from Dhoshams.

    It seems the Pen Panai Maram is there for the last 6 generation and does not grow above the height of the Temple Tower.

    I am not able to post the pics which I took.
    we felt blessed on visiting this temple.

    At the entrance of Ezhichur there is a Meru Temple, which I suggest you to visit.

    Regards,
    Kabali

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  7. The review on this temple was great.. I was impressed with kind of photos and explanations. You have done a great job....

    ReplyDelete
  8. Dear Saravanan

    The temple is very nive
    Dood paraihara temple for rekationships child birth marriage wealth health and happiness

    regards

    W Gowri
    Auditor
    virugambakkam

    ReplyDelete
  9. Dear Mr. Saravanan,

    This is Raviganesh from Indonesia.
    I have read your Aricle about your valuable informative it will be more use for me for my future planning to visit these temlples. But I Request to you one thing please give me Temples opening time and closing time also. Bcaz I am staying Porur if i know the timing then i will go temples opening times to avoid waste of Time.

    Continue your service... May God Bless You..

    Regards,
    Raviganesh R
    Sr. Engineer (Piping)
    Indonesia
    E-mail; ganeshravir@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  10. Dear Mr. Saravanan,

    This is Raviganesh from Indonesia.
    I have read your Aricle about your valuable informative it will be more use for me for my future planning to visit these temlples. But I Request to you one thing please give me Temples opening time and closing time also. Bcaz I am staying Porur if i know the timing then i will go temples opening times to avoid waste of Time.

    Continue your service... May God Bless You..

    Regards,
    Raviganesh R
    Sr. Engineer (Piping)
    Indonesia
    E-mail; ganeshravir@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  11. We enjoyed the pictures and feel the Dharshan in person.
    We wish Lord Sundareswara and
    Goddess Meenakshi amman to continue your service.

    ReplyDelete